Bavaria - southern Germany

Index of Munich to Vienna via Salzburg

A View on Bavaria in Germany, its culture and people

bavaria königsseeHere in bavaria people say “the clocks have another beat”.Nobody can exactly describe the meaning of this proverb. But you can get the feeling of what this means when spending time in bavaria and see how people live here.
All over the world it is well known that a visit to bavaria is an impressive experience. It’s a country with a long history, lively traditions and culture. There are enormous art treasures to find and wonderful landscapes surrounded of high mountains.

General information
Bavaria is the largest land of the federal republic of germany with 27,.239 squaremiles. 18,02 million people live here – more than double as much as in austria, our neighbour-country. The capital of bavaria is Munich with 1,22 million inhabitants.. In Munich is the seat of the bavarian government.Situated in the south of germany, bavaria has several neighbours: Austria, Switzerland and the Czech Republic.The German border regions are Baden-Wuerttemberg,Hesse, Thuringia and Saxonia.The biggest towns are Munich, Nürnberg, Augsburg, Würzburg and Regensburg.

 

Landscapes
Several beautiful rivers cross Bavaria, such as the Danube, the Main, Isar and Inn.The largest lake in bavaria is lake Chiemsee with 30 sqm.Many pittoresque lakes can be found for spending a wonderful holiday: lake Starnberger See or Ammersee near Munich, lake Königssee in Berchtesgaden which is surrounded of impressive mountains of the alps. Also a part of lake Bodensee, one of the largest lakes in Europe belongs to Bavaria.

 

 

Very impressive are the mountains of the alps that build the southern border.The 2,.962 m Zugspitze near Garmisch-Partenkirchen is Germany’s highest mountain. The peak of the Zugspitze offers a breathtaking panorama across 400 peaks and a view into four countries, Austria, Italy, Switzerland and Germany.

bavariaIn another wonderful holiday region, the Berchtesgadener Land is situated the second highest mountain the 2713 mWatzmann.

Wonderful destinations in the alps invite visitors around the year. Wendelstein, Hoher Göll and Rotwand and many other peaks want to be conquered.

History
Bavaria is one of the oldest states in Europe. Here a few points of its history:about 500 p.C. the race of the Bavarians had been come into being mixed from Romans, Celtics and Teutons.1180 p.C. Otto of Wittelsbach founded the State of Bavaria.
In the 16th century duke Max Emanuel supported baroque influences in arts and culture.
In 1806 Bavaria is converted to a kingdom under Max Joseph 4
In1818 Bavaria gets a constitution.
1825-48 King Ludwig 1st reigns over. He transforms Munich to a brilliant capital of arts and sciences.
1864-86 Under King Ludwig 2nd, the “Mad King’s” regency one started to build a Series of fantastic fairytale castles –Neuschwanstein, Linderhof und finally Herrenchiemsee on an island in lake Chiemsee.
1933 Hitler takes over power and Bavaria is no longer an independent state
1945 Germany’s capitulation – Bavaria is occupied by the American Forces.
1949 Germany gets the constitutional law.

Culture and Arts
During the past centuries Bavaria beared musicians and artists who are famous all over the world.
Richard Strauss ( 1864-1949) was Munich’s greatest composer. His most famous operas are “Der Rosenkavalier” and “Elektra”
Richard Wagner ( 1813-1883 ) was to revolutionise German opera by making the music secondary to the dramatic action. In Bayreuth every year the Wagner festival takes place – a high society event.Wagner’ most famous works are “The flying Dutchman”. “The ring of the Nibelungen” and “Tristan and Isolde”.

All over the country you can find examples of baroque arts in churches like the “Wieskirch” in Steingaden or the “St.Mang Basilika” in Füssen.
The most visited sights are obviously the about 40 castles and palaces Bavarian rulers, Neuschwanstein castle, Linderhof palace, Nymphenburg palace and many more.

octoberfestLifestyle
Bavarian people have both: traditions and modern life.There are many old traditions, often based on the catholic church which are lively celebrated in traditional costumes.In the villages in rural regions you can find clubs to maintain the traditional music and costumes. They organize festivals and invite other clubs for dancing and singing according to their traditions.
A special and famous bavarian tradition is the “Octoberfest” in Munich taking place every year in autum.It’s a huge fair with many beertents and attractions for visitors from all over the world.
Let’s talk about beer. Well known breweries like “Lowenbrau”, “Schneider”, “Klosterbrauerei Andechs” or “Hacker-Pschorr” are settled in and round Munich. And if you drink a “Mass” – that means a litre of beer you ought to enjoy a bavarian speciality with it.Pretzels and raddish or a “Weißwurst” are the hits.Very popular is “Schweinsbraten mit Semmelknödel” that means roasted pork with dumplings made of bread.There are many typical bavarian recipes to get to know.

If you now have become curious of all these things –Come and visit Bavaria !

 

 

Home
Bavaria
 
Austria
 

 

© 2004-2009. All rights reserved.
This site is protected under international treaties. No part of this work, including text may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any means.